Wednesday, August 30, 2017

P3-02 | Living And Non-Living Things

Theme: DIVERSITY
Topic: Living and Non-Living Things
Level: Primary 3


In this topic, the we will learn the following:
1. What is living things and non-living things?
2. What are characteristics of living and non-living things?
3. What are some groups of living things?
4. What are some ways to classify non-living things?

Students need to know 4 basic characteristics of living things:
 - Need air, water and food
 - Can grow
 - Respond to changes around them
 - Can reproduce

For living things, students need to know 4 basic groups of living things, sub-groups of them, and be able to list examples from each groups. It is critical to see the BIG picture linking all of these groups, sub-groups, their characteristics etc.

Friday, May 12, 2017

P3-01 | Classifying Things

Theme: DIVERSITY
Topic: Classifying Things
Level: Primary 3

This will be the very first topic to be introduced to our primary school students. To many of them, this will be the first time they learn science. It is very important to make it interesting and engaging, to ignite the sense of curiosity in our children. Showing them the BIG picture of what are they going to learn will be very helpful, as they may get lost along the way. 

In this topic, the children will learn the following:
1. What is classification?
2. Why do we classify things?
3. How can we classify things?

As you can see, learning science is about answering those questions of what, why, how, where etc.

Seeing the topic/relationship of what to learn in BIG picture will help the children to pick up the topic and remember the facts quickly. Relate all the important facts in flow chart and tabulate all the important data/facts concisely will definitely improve the learning experience and hence the learning ability as well as learning outcome



In this topic, students will learn how to classify things (being living things or non-living things) according to their characteristics. Students will also need to know how to re-classify things based on different characteristic as shown in example in the learning map above.


Thursday, May 11, 2017

Glossary [Energy]

Theme: Energy


Contraction
A reduction in size of an object


Degree Celsius
A unit used to measure temperature


Expansion
An increase in the size of an object


Good Conductor of Heat
A material that allows heat to flow through it easily


Heat
A form of energy that makes things warm


Light
A form of energy that helps us see


Poor Conductor of Heat
A material that does not allow heat to flow through it easily


Shadow
A dark area produced when light is blocked by an object


Sources of Light
Objects that give off light


Temperature
A measure of how hot something is


Thermometer
An instrument used to measure temperature

Glossary [Interactions]

Theme: Interactions


Attract
To pull something


Electrical Method
A method in which electricity is used to turn a magnetic object into a magnet


Electromagnet
A magnet made using electricity


Like Poles
Magnetic poles that are the same, such as two North poles or two South poles


Magnetic Material
A material that is attracted to a magnet


Magnetised
Refers to an object that has become a magnet


Non-magnetic Material
A material that is not attracted to a magnet


Poles
The two ends of a magnet where its pull is the strongest


Repel
To push something away


Stroke Method
A method in which a magnet is used to stroke a magnetic object to turn it into a magnet


Unlike Poles
Magnetic poles that are different, i.e. a North pole and a South pole




Glossary [Systems]

Theme: Systems


Anus
The opening through which undigested food is removed from the body


Circulatory System
An organ system that transports digested food, water, oxygen and waste materials


Digestion
The process by which food is broken down into simpler substances


Digestive System
An organ system that breaks down food into simple substances and absorbs them into the body


Gullet
A tube that connects the mouth to the stomach


Large Intestine
An organ where water is removed from undigested food


Muscular System
An organ system made of muscles, which helps different parts of the body to move


Organ
A body part that performs a specific function


Organ System
A body system made up of different organs, each responsible for carrying out a specific function


Respiratory System
An organ system that takes in air and removes air from the body


Saliva
A substance produces in the mouth that helps to break down food into simpler substances


Skeletal System
An organ system made of bones, which supports the body, gives it shape and protects organs in the body


Small Intestine
An organ where the digestion of food is completed


Stomach
An organ where food is digested


System
A set of parts that work together to carry out a function

Glossary [Cycles]

Theme: Cycles


Balance
An instrument used to measure mass

Cycle

A pattern that repeats itself continuously

Gas

A substance that has no definite shape or volume

Larva

The young of a butterfly, mosquito or beetle, which hatches out of an egg

Life Cycle

The cycle that represents the different stages in the life of a living thing

Liquid

A substance that has a definite volume but no definite shape

Mass
The amount of matter in an object

Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space

Measuring Cylinder
A container used to measure volume

Moulting
The process of shedding the old body covering to make space for new growth

Nymph
The young of a cockroach or a grasshopper

Pupa
The stage in the life cycle of a butterfly, mosquito or beetle when it stops feeding and starts developing into the adult

Pupal Case
A covering inside which a pupa develops into an adult
Shoot
The part of the plant that refers to the stems and leaves growing above the ground from a seed
Solid
An object that has a definite shape and volume
Tadpole
The young of a frog

Volume
The amount of space occupied by an object

Glossary [Diversity]

Theme: Diversity


Characteristics
Features or properties, such as shape and size


Classification
Putting things into groups


Diversity
The great variety of living and non-living things around us


Flexibility
The ability of a material to bend without breaking


Flowering Plant
A plant that produces flowers


Living Things
Things that are alive


Material
Refers to what an object is made of


Micro-organism
A living thing that cannot be seen with the naked eye


Microscope
An instrument used to observe things that cannot be seen with the naked eye


Non-flowering plant
A plant that does not produce flowers


Non-Living Things
Things that are not alive


Reproduce
To have young


Spores
Tiny particles produces by fungi that help them reproduce


Strength
The ability of a material to be pulled without breaking or tearing


Transparency
The amount of light that an object allows to pass through it


Waterproof
Does not absorb water

Science In Primary School, Singapore

In general, students in Singapore Primary School will learn science starting at Primary 3. The syllabus will cover 5 themes, namely Diversity, Cycles, Systems, Interactions and Energy. Students will study sub-topics under each theme over a period of 4 years, from Primary 3 to Primary 6. All the sub-topics are as follow. Knowing what to study, and when to study is important, for both students and parents in order to well prepare for the exam.

Theme: Diversity

Sub-topics
P3 - Living and Non-Living Things
P3 - Plants
P3 - Animals
P3 - Fungi and Bacteria
P3 - Exploring Materials

Theme: Cycles

Sub-topics
P3 - Life Cycles
P4 - Matter and Its Three States
P5 - From Parents to Young
P5 - Reproduction in Plants
P5 - Reproduction in Humans
P5 - Water and Changes of State
P5 - The Water Cycle


Theme: Systems

Sub-topics
P4 - The Human Body as a System
P4 - The Digestive System
P4 - Plants and Their Parts
P5 - The Plant Transport System
P5 - Air and The Respiratory System
P5 - The Circulatory System
P5 - The Unit of Life
P5 - Electrical Systems
P5 - Using Electricity


Theme: Interactions

Sub-topics
P3 - Magnets
P6 - Forces
P6 - Living Together
P6 - Food Chains and Food Webs
P6 - Adaptations
P6 - Man's Impact on His Environment


Theme: Energy

Sub-topics
P4 - Light and Shadows
P4 - Heat and Temperature
P5 - Energy in Food
P6 - Forms and Uses of Energy
P6 - Sources of Energy