Friday, May 12, 2017

P3-01 | Classifying Things

Topic: Classifying Things
Level: Primary 3

This will be the very first topic to be introduced to our primary school students. To many of them, this will be the first time they learn science. It is very important to make it interesting and engaging, to ignite the sense of curiosity in our children. Showing them the BIG picture of what are they going to learn will be very helpful, as they may get lost along the way. 

In this topic, the children will learn the following:
1. What is classification?
2. Why do we classify things?
3. How can we classify things?

As you can see, learning science is about answering those questions of what, why, how, where etc.

Seeing the topic/relationship of what to learn in BIG picture will help the children to pick up the topic and remember the facts quickly. Relate all the important facts in flow chart and tabulate all the important data/facts concisely will definitely improve the learning experience and hence the learning ability as well as learning outcome

In this topic, students will learn how to classify things (being living things or non-living things) according to their characteristics. Students will also need to know how to re-classify things based on different characteristic as shown in example in the learning map above.

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Glossary [Energy]

Theme: Energy

A reduction in size of an object

Degree Celsius
A unit used to measure temperature

An increase in the size of an object

Good Conductor of Heat
A material that allows heat to flow through it easily

A form of energy that makes things warm

A form of energy that helps us see

Poor Conductor of Heat
A material that does not allow heat to flow through it easily

A dark area produced when light is blocked by an object

Sources of Light
Objects that give off light

A measure of how hot something is

An instrument used to measure temperature

Glossary [Interactions]

Theme: Interactions

To pull something

Electrical Method
A method in which electricity is used to turn a magnetic object into a magnet

A magnet made using electricity

Like Poles
Magnetic poles that are the same, such as two North poles or two South poles

Magnetic Material
A material that is attracted to a magnet

Refers to an object that has become a magnet

Non-magnetic Material
A material that is not attracted to a magnet

The two ends of a magnet where its pull is the strongest

To push something away

Stroke Method
A method in which a magnet is used to stroke a magnetic object to turn it into a magnet

Unlike Poles
Magnetic poles that are different, i.e. a North pole and a South pole

Glossary [Systems]

Theme: Systems

The opening through which undigested food is removed from the body

Circulatory System
An organ system that transports digested food, water, oxygen and waste materials

The process by which food is broken down into simpler substances

Digestive System
An organ system that breaks down food into simple substances and absorbs them into the body

A tube that connects the mouth to the stomach

Large Intestine
An organ where water is removed from undigested food

Muscular System
An organ system made of muscles, which helps different parts of the body to move

A body part that performs a specific function

Organ System
A body system made up of different organs, each responsible for carrying out a specific function

Respiratory System
An organ system that takes in air and removes air from the body

A substance produces in the mouth that helps to break down food into simpler substances

Skeletal System
An organ system made of bones, which supports the body, gives it shape and protects organs in the body

Small Intestine
An organ where the digestion of food is completed

An organ where food is digested

A set of parts that work together to carry out a function

Glossary [Cycles]

Theme: Cycles

An instrument used to measure mass


A pattern that repeats itself continuously


A substance that has no definite shape or volume


The young of a butterfly, mosquito or beetle, which hatches out of an egg

Life Cycle

The cycle that represents the different stages in the life of a living thing


A substance that has a definite volume but no definite shape

The amount of matter in an object

Anything that has mass and occupies space

Measuring Cylinder
A container used to measure volume

The process of shedding the old body covering to make space for new growth

The young of a cockroach or a grasshopper

The stage in the life cycle of a butterfly, mosquito or beetle when it stops feeding and starts developing into the adult

Pupal Case
A covering inside which a pupa develops into an adult
The part of the plant that refers to the stems and leaves growing above the ground from a seed
An object that has a definite shape and volume
The young of a frog

The amount of space occupied by an object

Glossary [Diversity]

Theme: Diversity

Features or properties, such as shape and size

Putting things into groups

The great variety of living and non-living things around us

The ability of a material to bend without breaking

Flowering Plant
A plant that produces flowers

Living Things
Things that are alive

Refers to what an object is made of

A living thing that cannot be seen with the naked eye

An instrument used to observe things that cannot be seen with the naked eye

Non-flowering plant
A plant that does not produce flowers

Non-Living Things
Things that are not alive

To have young

Tiny particles produces by fungi that help them reproduce

The ability of a material to be pulled without breaking or tearing

The amount of light that an object allows to pass through it

Does not absorb water

Science In Primary School, Singapore

In general, students in Singapore Primary School will learn science starting at Primary 3. The syllabus will cover 5 themes, namely Diversity, Cycles, Systems, Interactions and Energy. Students will study sub-topics under each theme over a period of 4 years, from Primary 3 to Primary 6. All the sub-topics are as follow. Knowing what to study, and when to study is important, for both students and parents in order to well prepare for the exam.

Theme: Diversity

P3 - Living and Non-Living Things
P3 - Plants
P3 - Animals
P3 - Fungi and Bacteria
P3 - Exploring Materials

Theme: Cycles

P3 - Life Cycles
P4 - Matter and Its Three States
P5 - From Parents to Young
P5 - Reproduction in Plants
P5 - Reproduction in Humans
P5 - Water and Changes of State
P5 - The Water Cycle

Theme: Systems

P4 - The Human Body as a System
P4 - The Digestive System
P4 - Plants and Their Parts
P5 - The Plant Transport System
P5 - Air and The Respiratory System
P5 - The Circulatory System
P5 - The Unit of Life
P5 - Electrical Systems
P5 - Using Electricity

Theme: Interactions

P3 - Magnets
P6 - Forces
P6 - Living Together
P6 - Food Chains and Food Webs
P6 - Adaptations
P6 - Man's Impact on His Environment

Theme: Energy

P4 - Light and Shadows
P4 - Heat and Temperature
P5 - Energy in Food
P6 - Forms and Uses of Energy
P6 - Sources of Energy